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1970-1994 Plymouth Duster and Dodge Demon cars
Extract maximum horsepower and torque from your low deck "B" or high deck "RB" series Mopar engine for street and drag racing use. Includes coverage of crankshafts, rods and pistons, cylinder heads, camshafts, induction and exhaust systems, oil systems, engine assembly, race car set ups and more. This information packed guide contains material from the "The Best of Hot Rod Magazine" providing detailed information on high performance Chrysler engines. This comprehensive resource covers the entire field of automotive paint technology, from types of paint and how to perform a complete paint job, to advanced OEM factory paint techniques, paint car and inspection.
Dodge Dart and Plymouth Duster (Muscle book by Steve Statham
Contains new information on equipment, step-by-step repainting, national paint standards and inspection. As was the case with previous Dodge rebadges of Plymouth Valiants, such as the — Lancer , sales of the Demon lagged behind those of the Duster.
With optional hood scoops and blackout hood treatment, the car was advertised a performance car. The Demon's Dart-type front fender wheel lips and Duster-type rear wheel fender lips reveal the car was essentially a Duster with Dart front sheetmetal and other minor styling changes. A new audio option became available for Chrysler's cassette-recorder. Unlike the 8-track tapes, the cassette player was relatively compact, and it was mounted on the console or on its own floor-mount casing. This unit offered an available microphone in which one could record their own dictation.
The Swinger , Dart's performance model, was replaced by the Demon with optional hood scoops and blackout hood treatment. In , Chrysler abandoned their longstanding corporate practice of installing left-hand-threaded wheel studs on the left side of the vehicle; all-wheel studs on the Dart thenceforth used conventional right-hand threads.
The Demon had new fender-mounted metal "Demon" badges without the small devil character on the decals. The "Demon" decal on the rear of the car was replaced by Dodge and Dart emblems on the lower right edge of the deck lid. Some Demons with the side and rear panel tape stripes retained the tape devil character. Cars equipped with the optional rally wheels now came with newly-restyled center caps, finished in a light-argent silver paint.
Demon production was substantially less than Duster's; this is reflected in higher collector car values for the Demon, especially V8 models. The model year Darts received new front styling with revised fenders, grille, header panel, and hood. Massive front bumpers were installed to comply with new federal regulations, as well as side-impact guard beams in the doors and new emission control devices. New single-piston disc brakes replaced the more complex 4-piston units offered from to Chrysler's new electronic ignition system was standard equipment on all engines, and starter motors were revised for faster engine cranking.
The upper ball joints were upgraded to the larger B-body units. Darts with 4-wheel drum brakes continued with the smaller bolt pattern. Standard rear axle ratios were 2. Vent wings were deleted from the Swinger but not from the 4-door sedans. A new "Quiet Car" package was available, consisting of extra sound insulation, premium exhaust hangers and an exhaust resonator. The Demon fastback was renamed "Dart Sport" in response to Christian groups' complaints about the 'Demon' name and devil-with-pitchfork logo.
The Dart Sport received the same new front end as the other Darts, and its taillights were changed to two lights per side, each with a chrome trim ring. These would remain unchanged through the model year. Taillights larger than the previous year's items were set above the rear bumper, rather than within it. Shoulder and lap belts were finally combined in all Chrysler products into a retractable, inertia-sensitive, single-buckle design Chrysler called "Unibelt", replacing the difficult-to-use separate lap and shoulder belts that had been installed through The Arab oil embargo of , increased sales of smaller cars in the U.
The SE included velour high back bucket seats with folding armrest, carpeted door panels, woodgrain instrument panel and deluxe wheel covers along with a TorqueFlite automatic transmission as standard equipment. The SE came equipped with the "Quiet Car" package introduced in The air conditioning system available on all Darts had increased capacity, quicker cooldown and lower minimum temperatures.
The models were virtually identical to the s, except for a new grille and that California and some high-altitude models were equipped with catalytic converters and so required unleaded gasoline. All models were required to pass a roof crush test and to meet this stringent requirement, additional reinforcements were added to all Dart 2-door hardtops. Darts were also equipped with an improved energy absorbing steering column which used multiple slots in the column jacket to replace prior used convoluted mesh design.
At impact, force applied to the steering wheel curled the column jacket back over a mandrel mounted on the floor. Federal Motor Safety Standards briefly required that the front seat belts include a starter interlock system that prevented the engine from starting unless the front seat outboard occupant and the driver fastened their belts. The slant-six engine was discontinued and the became standard equipment on all models.
As in , the V8 was limited to the Dart Sport model. The result was less engine noise and wear and greater fuel economy. Additionally, sound insulation was improved. The rear-view mirror was mounted on the windshield rather than from the roof. Front disc brakes became standard equipment on 1 January in accord with more stringent U. The grille's parking lamps were cast in amber , whereas the previous years had clear lenses with amber-colored bulbs.
In , the Dart was offered with a police package, with production code A The A38 Dart had high-specification components and systems throughout, including a heavy-duty suspension with a rear sway bar, stronger leaf springs and firmer shock absorbers, larger brakes with semi-metallic front disc pads, maximum engine cooling, and high-capacity alternator and battery.
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Production volume was low, with most A38 Darts going to the Los Angeles and Ventura police departments in southern California. For the most part, police agencies preferred the larger intermediate Dodge Coronet or full-size Dodge Monaco. The Convertriple was the basis for the "Hang 10" option. Available only in eggshell white exterior with a factory-installed sunroof, the car's fold-down rear seat permitted the loading of a surfboard through the trunk.
The Hang 10 option continued the surfing theme with various colored stripe material accenting the white vinyl seats and door panels. A surfboard design ran down the center of the hood. Between the taillights, the stripe pattern fattened into surfboard-shaped letters that spelled out "Hang 10". In mid, Dodge introduced the "Caravan Tan" trim package. Features for this Dart Sport included a desert-hued vinyl bench seat with multi-colored striped inserts and white piping, and gold-colored instrument panel, dash board and carpeting.
Exterior color choices were dark moonstone, Sienna, gold metallic, dark gold metallic, golden fawn and white. In a tie-in with the United States Bicentennial , a "Spirit of '76" edition of the Dart Sport featured white paint with prominent red and blue bodyside striping meant to evoke the image of the American flag.
Bumper reinforcement brackets were aluminum instead of steel, while the hood and trunk lid bracing and inner panels were also aluminum. The slant-six engine block had already been modified for reduced weight in ; in the middle of production its crankshaft was changed from forged steel to lighter cast iron. The Dart Lite was equipped with a 2. The AOD overdrive 4-speed manual transmission housing was made of aluminum. Like all other Darts, the Dart Lites with automatic transmission came with a 2.
The Plymouth version was the Feather Duster. Darts were offered to the taxicab industry for their whole production run from to While specifications varied by year, interior upgrades generally included heavy-duty front and rear black rubber floor mats, heavy-duty seat cushion springs with full foam back and air-foam seats, black all-vinyl trim with heavy canvas-backed vinyl seat covers, interior door pull assist straps or handles, and a door-ajar warning light for the driver. Mechanically, Dart taxicabs were generally equipped with heavy-duty brakes, tires, shock absorbers, front torsion bars and rear leaf springs, a high-output alternator, an increased-capacity cooling system and extra-lean carburetor calibration for greater economy.
Options included a radio suppression package and a Fuel Pacer System. Many—if not all—of them had a body color paint sales code of "", meaning special order paint. Dodge offered a performance version of the Dart GT in Most of the power came from a larger carburetor and a more radical camshaft. The bulletin sent to the dealers from Chrysler also mentions an 8. The cars competed in two classes, over 2 liters and under 2 liters.
The team won the hour endurance race at Marlboro Motor Raceway in car No.
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According to Chrysler staff engineer Larry Shepard, the majority of these Darts were Hemi powered, although a small pilot run of fifty powered Darts were also built in Right-hand drive , , and Darts were exported to commonwealth countries such as Australia, South Africa, Singapore, and badged as the Dodge Phoenix. In South Africa, a DeSoto -branded version of the car called the Diplomat was sold from to , as well. Once the "Dart" name was moved to Dodge's compact car for , the Phoenix was no longer Dart-related; each year thereafter through , the "Phoenix" name was applied to the RHD version of a Dodge or Plymouth B-body or C-body for Commonwealth export.
Production of A-body Darts continued in Brazil, where they were also sold as Chargers, through  and in Colombia through The last true A-body Dart was built in the summer of in Brazil. This car is virtually identical to the U. From to a Spanish version of the Dodge Dart based on the original from the United States was manufactured in the Barreiros Villaverde factory in Madrid. The also came as standard with front disc brakes and power steering.
The Dart and the were the biggest national production car available in Spain during all production years. It was an expensive luxury car with very low fuel economy by Spanish standards. Nonetheless, it was considered an economic car for its size in those few markets to which it was exported. The break-even point was 5, cars per year, a goal which was only surpassed once, in The "" number is a reference to the 3.
No other six-cylinder engine car has been produced as much in Spain. A diesel Dart named "Barreiros diesel" was also produced. Still, the automaker felt it had sound reasons to apply the Dart name, which it had not used in three decades, to this all-important model. A sleek foot schooner of a machine with a clean, curvaceous figure crowned by soaring tail fins, the Chrysler Dart was fabricated by Ghia, the Italian coachbuilder. It existed for just one year; a styling makeover for the auto show season pared down the fins, and it was renamed the Diablo.
Dodge first used the Dart badge on a line of large cars for , which included the Seneca, Pioneer and Phoenix. The name shifted to a midsize series with rather peculiar styling for The Dart most often remembered today, however, is the compact model built from and best known for its affordability and durability. Introduced as a smoothly styled replacement for the Lancer, the new Dart was built on the light but strong unibody chassis of its slightly smaller corporate cousin, the Plymouth Valiant.
A variety of sedans, coupes, convertibles, station wagons — even tire-smoking muscle cars — gave the Dart broad enough appeal to sell some 3. Scott Sigethy fits one of the age groups at which Dodge is aiming the new Dart — he was born in — but he prefers the two Darts he already owns.
One is the sedan that his grandfather bought new after closing his butcher shop in Jersey City. The other is a model Mr. Sigethy bought more recently near his North Carolina home — and that he later discovered had been built on the day he was born. Sigethy with daily transportation and a hobby. Dapper in its Silver Cloud paint and black vinyl roof, Mr.